Aquarius (Ewer) – Waterman
Aurifaber – Goldsmith
Avenator (Plantifene) – Hay and Forage Merchant
Barker – Tanner
Baxter – Baker
Belhoste – Tavern keeper
Belleyetere – Bellfounder
Bever – Beverage maker
Blockmaker – One who crafted pulleys
Bowyer – Bowmaker
Brasiler – Dyer
Burneman – Carrier of barm or water for brewers
Cancellarius – Chancellor
Cardmaker – Maker of cards or instruments for combing wool
Carnifex – Butcher
Carpentarius – Carpenter
Castor – Hat maker
Chaloner – Dealer in shalloon, a material made in Chƒlons.
Chapman – Merchant
Chirugion – Apothecary or Surgeon
Cissor – Tailor
Clericus – Clerk
Cocus (Keu) – Cook
Combere – Woolcomber
Corvisor (Cordewanarius, Cordwainer) – Shoemaker, originally
a worker in Cordovan leather
Cotiler – Cutler
Cuhreur (Cunreur) – Currier
Cuper – Cooper; a barrel maker
Dexter – Dyer
Dubbere – Cloth dubber, i.e., one who raises the nap of cloth
Dudder – Probably a maker of coarse cloaks
Daunsel – Gentleman in waiting, groom or squire
Dysshere – Probably a ditcher, or in some cases a disher
Elymaker – Oilmaker
Faber – Smith
Felmonger – Hide dealer forges
Ferur (Ferator) – Farrier or blacksmith
Fisher (Fishdryver) – Victualler
Flauner – Confectioner
Fleshewer – Butcher
Fletcher – Arrowmaker
Forestarius – Forester
Frereman – Servant of the Friars
Fuller – One who trampled cloth See also Walker
Furber (Furbour) – Furbisher of armor
Furner – Baker
Garcifer (Garcio) – Groom, attendant
Garlekmonger – Dealer in garlic
Glassewryght – Maker and mender of glassware
Gynour – Engineer
Hamberghmaker (Hamberow) – Horse collar maker
Harper – Musician (?).
Hetheleder – Provider of heather for fuel
Hosteler – Innkeeper
Husbandman – Tenant farmer
Kepegest – Innkeeper
Latouner – Worker in latten, a metal resembling brass
Limner – Draughtsman or Artist
Lokeer – Locksmith
Lorimer – Bridlemaker
Macun – Mason
Marescallus – Marshall
Medicus – Leech, Doctor
Mercator – Merchant
Molendinarius – (Muner) – Miller
Mustarder – Grower and grinder of mustard
Nailor – Nail maker
Nedder – Needle-maker
Palmer – A Pilgrim, one who had been, or pretended to have
been, to the Holy Land
Paneler – Saddler
Pannarius – Clothier and Draper
Pannebeter – Pan-hammerer, or perhaps cloth driver
Pardoner – One licensed to sell Papal Indulgences
Parmentor – Probably a parchment maker, or tailor
Parcheminer – Parchment maker
Pattenmaker – Maker of iron-rimmed patterns for footwear
Pelliparius (Peltarius) – Skinner
Perukemaker – Wigmaker
Pictor – Painter
Pinder – Keeper of the Pound or Pinfold
Piscarius – Fishmonger
Piscator – Fisherman
Pistor – Miller or Baker
Plantifene (see Avernator)
Plomer – Plumber
Pynner – Pin-maker
Roper – Ropemaker
Rotarius – Wheelwright
Safernman – Grower of Saffron
Samitere (Samite) – Maker of a kind of heavy silk
Sauntere – Probably Salt maker
Sausere – Salter
Seinter – Girdlemaker
Seler (Sellarius) – Sadder
Sempster – Seamstress
Serviens – Sergeant
Servus – Servant
Sherman (Shearman) – One who raised the surface of woolen
cloth and then sheared it to a smooth surface
Shether – (See Vaginarius)
Sifker – Sievemaker
Silkmaker spinster – Female spinner
Silkmaker throster – Male spinner
Simpler – Agriculturist that we would call herbalist today
Sissor (Cissor) – Tailor
Sleymaker – Maker of instruments to part threads in weaving
Soper – Soapmaker
Spittleman – Hospital Attendant
Spicer – Grocer
Spurrier – Spurmaker
Stabler – Ostler
Stasyon (Stawsun) – Probably a Stationer
Sugarer – Dealer in sugar (Grocer ?)
Sumner – Summoner or Apparitor
Sutor – Shoemaker or cobbler
Swordcutter – Smith who fashioned swords
Tabernarius – Taverner, Innkeeper
Tannator – Tanner
Teinter – Dyer
Textor – Weaver
Tinctor – Dyer or possibly a painter
Upholder – Upholsterer; also a cheapjack and seller of
secondhand goods
Vaginarius, Sheather – Scabbard maker
Venator (Venur) – Huntsman
Vineroon – Wine grower
Vintner – Wine Merchant
Walker (Same as Fuller) – Cloth trampler or cleaner
Webster – Weaver
Whitesmith – Tinsmith; or one who finishes & polishes
after the Smith
Whittawer – Preparer of white leather
Yeoman – Freehold farmer




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  • glossary_of_occupations.txt
  • Last modified: 2018/12/06 17:16
  • (external edit)